To begin installing your CCTV system, you will need to decide which type of CCTV system that you want for your house. Wired and wireless are the two common types. Wireless systems are simple to install because all that is required is the installation of software on your computer. Wired systems are more complicated because you will need to drill holes in the walls of your house so you can run cables through them. If you are not experienced with this kind of do it yourself work, it would be advisable to have a professional CCTV installation company do the job for you.
Now that you have selected the type of system, you will need to decide what type of camera you want. There is a large selection of cameras on the market to choose from. There are cameras that record in black and white all the time, while other cameras record in color in the day and then start to record in infrared or black and white during the night. There is no longer any need to stockpile large amounts of video tapes for recording. Everything is recorded digitally, so the videos go directly to your hard drive, where you can watch them at your leisure. You can also watch the video via your cell phone or online.
If you have chosen a wired system and you are going to do it yourself, purchase the correct kind of cable that works with your particular system. RG59 Siamese Cable is the type of cable that is most frequently used for CCTV installation.
Decide where your camera will be installed. This is a critical decision and must not be taken lightly. Some people want to position their camera in a very conspicuous location, so as to make sure that passersby see the camera easily. This functions as a very effective way to deter potential criminals. However, if you have been the victim of frequent break-ins, you may want to hide the camera so you can have a better chance of catching the thieves in the act if they try again. Many people have the camera focused on the most probable entry point for a criminal. If you need the camera to cover a particularly large area, you may want to invest in a camera that can turn 180 or 360 degrees, rather than a stationary model.
After these decisions have been made, you are ready to begin installation.
1. CCTV cables are most often run in the small space that separates the roof from the walls of the house. The roof can protect the camera’s delicate circuitry from the harsh elements. A camera positioned up high by the roof can provide a very wide view and it can be seen easily.
2. Now you need to decide where the cables will actually enter the house. This is typically done through the attic.
3. Decide where you will put your monitor and digital video recorder. This should be a room that is kept slightly cool at all times. The DVR could be damaged and malfunction if exposed to very hot temperatures. Run the cable from the attic into the room you have chosen and plug them into the DVR. Make sure to buy cables with BNC connections.
4. Plug in the power cords for all of your CCTV equipment.
How to install a wired system:
1. Put the mounting brackets where you want the camera, mark the spaces and drill holes accordingly.
2. Use screws to put the mounting brackets in place.
3. Place the camera onto the brackets.
4. Create a hole in the wall and feed the wire through to the viewing room.
5. Staple all loose wires in place.
6. Plug the camera wire into the monitor.
7. Connect the DVR to the monitor.
8. Review all wire connections to make sure they are correct.
9. Turn on all components and adjust them until everything is positioned to your liking.
How to install a wireless system:
1. Attach your camera and move it into the desired position.
2. Plug it in and turn it on.
3. Install all of the necessary software that came with the camera.
4. Configure the system correctly so the proper signal is acquired.
A properly installed CCTV camera can ensure that your family and belongings are protected at all times.